Worldwide marine ecosystem services are under increasing pressure from competing human-usages, such as aquaculture, sea transport, energy production, conservation, fishing, and recreation.

This interdisciplinary project rooted in economics, with contributions from natural and other social sciences, aims to investigate how global changes in climate and human activities affect the usage and importance of ecosystem services (ES) spatially and across groups of people. Illustrative examples from the north of Norway and the northwestern and southern coasts of Portugal are considered.

The project contains four work packages (WPs) with different aims:

WP1: Description of a resource based economy in terms of ES dependence

To formulate a conceptual model for a resource based economy, where subsistence activities and socio-cultural values play a role for the welfare of the households. The model will be set up for an economy depending on marine ES, and based on an existing mapping of marine ES in the Norwegian and Barents Seas, and adjoining fjords and coastal areas. This work will serve as basis for the extended CBAs and bio-economic models in WP4, especially when analyzing effects of conservation preferences and distributional effects of potential redistributions of ES utilization.

WP2: ES valuation methods, extended cost-benefit analysis, and bio-economic modelling

First, adjust monetary valuation methods and develop specific experimental designs for testing and triangulation in the case studies. Second, to assess how better to include non-monetary values, distributional analysis and stakeholder concerns in CBA.

WP3: Region-specific valuation of ecosystem services and industrial activities

To test the analytical framework from WP2 in four case studies covering economic sectors of present and potential economic importance in North-Norway. All case studies will provide monetary valuation of changes in important ES flows in response to policy relevant future scenarios. Hard-to-value (cultural) ES changes will be illustrated by non-monetary valuation information.It also includes an int. seminar on methodology in the fourth quarter of 2018.

WP4: Integrating ES values into CBA and bio-economic models to inform policy-making

To test the analytical framework from WP2 in four case studies covering economic sectors of present and potential economic importance in North-Norway. All case studies will provide monetary valuation of changes in important ES flows in response to policy relevant future scenarios. Hard-to-value (cultural) ES changes will be illustrated by non-monetary valuation information.

To motivate the problem, and test the analytical framework, illustrative examples from the north of Norway and the northwestern and southern coasts of Portugal are considered. In particular, four case studies covering economic sectors of present and potential economic importance in the two countries, namely related to aquaculture, marine fishing tourism, mining,sea transport and oil spills are selected. Based on the results obtained from these comparative studies, this project aims at contributing to improve policy design regarding marine ES both at the Norwegian and EU levels, where expectations regarding Blue Growth and the marine bio-economy are high.


Portuguese case studies

Sea transport and oil spills

Sea transport carries the risk of oil spills that may impact bio-based industries, tourism and recreation, and the wider population
(non-use values of a clean coastline).

Marine fishing tourism

Commercial fisheries and tourism are threatened by the increasing of recreational fishing tourism.

Co-funded by: